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Sexual Orientation Policy Tally

The term “sexual orientation” is loosely defined as a person’s pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to people of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or more than one sex or gender. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation.

Gender Identity Policy Tally

“Gender identity” is a person’s deeply-felt inner sense of being male, female, or something else or in-between. “Gender expression” refers to a person’s characteristics and behaviors such as appearance, dress, mannerisms and speech patterns that can be described as masculine, feminine, or something else. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Laws that explicitly mention “gender identity” or “gender identity and expression” primarily protect or harm transgender people. These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.

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Conversion Therapy Laws

Conversion therapy laws prohibit licensed mental health practitioners from subjecting LGBT minors to harmful "conversion therapy" practices that attempt to change their sexual orientation or gender identity. These laws do not restrict the practice among religious providers. For an in-depth analysis of these laws, please read our LGBT Policy Spotlight Report: Conversion Therapy Bans. For additional information, please contact the National Center for Lesbian Rights or The Trevor Project.
United States Map
Vermont New Hampshire Washington D.C. Maryland Delaware New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island Massachusetts Alaska Hawaii California Oregon Washington Nevada Utah Arizona Idaho Montana Wyoming Colorado 33 Texas North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Minnesota Iowa Louisiana Arkansas Missouri Mississippi Florida Georgia Tennessee South Carolina North Carolina Wisconsin Illinois Michigan Indiana Kentucky Ohio West Virginia Maine New York Pennsylvania Virginia Vermont New Hampshire
  • Law bans conversion therapy for minors (14 states + D.C.)
  • No law (36 states)
Recommended citation:
Movement Advancement Project. "Equality Maps: Conversion Therapy Laws." http://www.lgbtmap.org/equality-maps/conversion_therapy (date of access).

*Note: In February 2016, New York's Governor Cuomo announced regulations that restrict conversion therapy by banning public and private health care insurers from covering the practice in the State. It also prohibits various mental health facilities across the state from conducting the practice on minors. However, state law does not fully ban the practice.

Percent of LGBT Population Covered by Laws

32%

32 % of LGBT population lives in states that have laws banning conversion therapy for minors

68%

68 % of LGBT population lives in states with no laws banning conversion therapy for minors

Key
  • State has this law Law bans conversion therapy for minors
State Conversion Therapy Law Year Passed
  Citations
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California State has this law 2012
Colorado
Connecticut State has this law 2017
Delaware State has this law 2018
District of Columbia State has this law 2014
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii State has this law 2018
Idaho
Illinois State has this law 2015
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland State has this law 2018
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada State has this law 2017
New Hampshire State has this law 2018
New Jersey State has this law 2013
New Mexico State has this law 2017
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon State has this law 2015
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island State has this law 2017
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont State has this law 2016
Virginia
Washington State has this law 2018
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Data current as of 10/18/2018
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